The Cave of Archaeology in Villa Doria (Genoa – Italy)
Saturday, the 16th June 2007, the Cave of Archaeology, an area of experimental archaeology has been introduced and opened to the public, realized inside the anti-aerial shelter of Villa Doria in Genoa (Italy) and it’s targeting people interested in re-living the prehistory of Liguria.
Among the trees at “Parco di Villa Doria”, behind Piazza Bonavino di Pegli, the entrance of an anti-aerial shelter is situated, dug on a side of the hill. Its appearance is similar to that of a cave, also thanks to the setting in which it’s placed, safe and distant from the city noise.
The refuge, dug during the Second World War to protect the citizens of Pegli from the bombardments, now welcomes this underground space inspired by the caves of Liguria, in which the public may enter, discover and test tools, instruments, daily objects, monuments, difficulties and experiences of the daily life during the prehistoric era.
This is a new way of discovering and understanding the prehistoric era and the historic roots of the European continent, thanks to which the visitors can test the daily problems and situations, from the ignition of fire to the preparation of food, from the manufacturing of instruments made of rock to the creation of ornaments, to the paintings made with ochre and natural pigments.
The Cave of Archaeology has been designed starting from the attestations and findings present in the collections of the Museum and from the results of the archaeological researches. It will be possible inside it to find some of the life conditions of a cave during the prehistoric age. In this space, materials reconstructed by the international scientific team coordinated by the Museum will be introduced. The research done by the team included archaeological tests intended to confirm the hypothesis developed by the scientists on specific subjects.
Vases, instruments made of stone, bone, wood, shells, raw materials, pigments, skins and furs, cereals and every possible element will be exhibited to the public interested in the discovery in a new way of the prehistoric age of Liguria.
The exhibition of the Cave of Archaeology is the result of the European project Culture 2000 “Reality. An opportunity to learn by living our past”, lead by the Archaeology Museum of Liguria, head of some prestigious European institutions.
During the period from summer 2006 to summer 2007 the Project has involved public from France, Spain and Italy into a series of activities and events dedicated to important European museums and archaeological sites, sustained by an international network.
The Ligurian Archaeologic Museum, The Marq Museum in Alicante (winner of the European Museum of the Year 2004) and the CNRS Chrono-ecology Laboratory in Besancon are the contemporary witnesses of three monuments of the European prehistory: the Ligurian caves with the extra-ordinary sequence of human settlement layers; the rock paintings in Pla de Petracos in Alicante, which have been declared “Patrimony of Humanity” by UNESCO, and the lake villages of Jura, declared archaeologic areas exceptionally interesting by France, as they provide a clear Neolithic example of their way of living.
The project partners have given to the visitors the possibility to experience directly moments which belong to their own past time.
The rescuing intervention is realized by the Department of Municipal Museums with the collaboration of the Genoa Construction School in the circle of a charity work project and of the “Accademia Ligustica di Belle Arti” (Linguistic Academy of Fine Arts) – Course of Scenography.
For further information you can email to: archligure(AT)comune.genova.it